Tag Archives: seamless gas cylinder

China manufacturer 50L Medical Use Seamless Steel Oxygen Nitrogen Lar CNG Acetylene Hydrogen 150bar/200bar Gas Cylinder vacuum pump connector

Product Description

Product Description:

Oxygen Gas Cylinder Specification:

Water Capacity: 50L 
Outside Diameter: 232mm 
Wall Thickness: 6.0mm 
Working Pressure: 200BAR 
Test Pressure: 300BAR 
Empty Weight: 60kgs/unit 
Height: 1450mm 
Material: 34CrMo4 
Storage Gas: 10 Cu M3 


Oxygen Gas Cylinder General Introduction: 

1. CHINAMFG has been specializing in seamless steel cylinders designing and manufacturing for over 10 years, and has gained a good reputation at home and abroad with the support of professional and powerful team.
2. Our gas cylinders are made from superior aluminum alloy 6061 so that they features high strength (No splashing fragment in explosion), lightweight (40% lighter than steel cylinders) and corrosion resistance etc.
3. Our gas cylinders interior and exterior are treated by passivation which can make sure the gases clean, odorless and anticorrosive.
4. CHINAMFG production and management are carried out by ISO9000 Quality Management System strictly and keep a good quality.
5. There are various kinds of gas cylinders for your choice and we can also design and manufacture any new type gas cylinder according to customers' requirement.

Cylinder Design: 

Cylinder Production Process:

Cylinder Loading and Transporting:


Company Information

Creative and Trustworthy Company:

Located in ZHangZhoug, CHINAMFG is 1 of professional suppliers of gas equipment such as gas cylinders, pumps, ASU plant, LNG plant, storage tanks and gas filling stations and affiliated equipment parts such as gas cylinder valves etc. We have over 10 years' experience in gas industry and have received a good reputation in this field. Our products have been exported to many countries such as U.S.A. and European countries and enjoy popularity all over the world.

Quality and Security System:

We have implemented strict complete quality and secutiry control system, which ensures that each product can meet the quality and security requirement of our customers. We have been adopting the advanced science and technology to produce gas culinders and affiliated equipment since our company is established. In addition, all of our products have been strictly inspected before shipment.

We Are Reliable Partners!

We are dedicated to realizing the largest profit for both our clients and ourselves. We have been making great effort to achieve this CHINAMFG project and sincerely hope we will have long-term partnership in the soon future!

Welcome all clients to our compy for visit!

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q1.What is the capacity of this gas cylinder?

A1.The Capacity of this gas cylinder is 50L.

Q2.What is the delivery time of this gas cylinder?

A2.The delivery of this gas cylinder is 30days after the deposit received.

Q3.What payment terms do you usually use?

A3.We accept TT, 30% as deposit and 70% before delivery.

Q4.What certification do you provide for clients?

A4.We have CE, DOT and TPED Certification of our products.


Oxygen Gas Cylinder Specification
Gas Cylinder Standard EN ISO9809-1        
Water Capacity 50L
Outside Diameter 232mm
Wall Thickness 6.0mm
Working Pressure 200BAR
Test Pressure 300BAR
Cylinder Height 1450mm
Empty Weight 60kgs/unit
Cylinder Material 34CrMo4
Storage Gas 10m3




Material: Steel
Structure: General Cylinder
Power: Hydraulic
Standard: Standard
Pressure Direction: Double-acting Cylinder
Water Capacity: 50L


hydraulic cylinder

How do hydraulic cylinders handle the challenges of precise positioning and control?

Hydraulic cylinders are designed to handle the challenges of precise positioning and control with a combination of engineering principles and advanced control systems. These challenges often arise in applications where accurate and controlled movements are required, such as in industrial automation, construction, and material handling. Here's a detailed explanation of how hydraulic cylinders overcome these challenges:

1. Fluid Power Control:

- Hydraulic cylinders utilize fluid power control to achieve precise positioning and control. The hydraulic system consists of a hydraulic pump, control valves, and hydraulic fluid. By regulating the flow of hydraulic fluid into and out of the cylinder, operators can control the speed, direction, and force exerted by the cylinder. The fluid power control allows for smooth and accurate movements, enabling precise positioning of the hydraulic cylinder and the attached load.

2. Control Valves:

- Control valves play a crucial role in handling the challenges of precise positioning and control. These valves are responsible for directing the flow of hydraulic fluid within the system. They can be manually operated or electronically controlled. Control valves allow operators to adjust the flow rate of the hydraulic fluid, controlling the speed of the cylinder's movement. By modulating the flow, operators can achieve fine control over the positioning of the hydraulic cylinder, enabling precise and accurate movements.

3. Proportional Control:

- Hydraulic cylinders can be equipped with proportional control systems, which offer enhanced precision in positioning and control. Proportional control systems utilize electronic feedback and control algorithms to precisely regulate the flow and pressure of the hydraulic fluid. These systems provide accurate and proportional control over the movement of the hydraulic cylinder, allowing for precise positioning at various points along its stroke length. Proportional control enhances the cylinder's ability to handle complex tasks that require precise movements and control.

4. Position Feedback Sensors:

- To achieve precise positioning, hydraulic cylinders often incorporate position feedback sensors. These sensors provide real-time information about the position of the cylinder's piston rod. Common types of position feedback sensors include potentiometers, linear variable differential transformers (LVDTs), and magnetostrictive sensors. By continuously monitoring the position, the feedback sensors enable closed-loop control, allowing for accurate positioning and control of the hydraulic cylinder. The feedback information is used to adjust the flow of hydraulic fluid to achieve the desired position accurately.

5. Servo Control Systems:

- Advanced hydraulic systems employ servo control systems to handle the challenges of precise positioning and control. Servo control systems combine electronic control, position feedback sensors, and proportional control valves to achieve high levels of accuracy and responsiveness. The servo control system continuously compares the desired position with the actual position of the hydraulic cylinder and adjusts the flow of hydraulic fluid to minimize any positional error. This closed-loop control mechanism enables the hydraulic cylinder to maintain precise positioning and control, even under varying loads or external disturbances.

6. Integrated Automation:

- Hydraulic cylinders can be integrated into automated systems to achieve precise positioning and control. In such setups, the hydraulic cylinders are controlled by programmable logic controllers (PLCs) or other automation controllers. These controllers receive input signals from various sensors and use pre-programmed logic to command the hydraulic cylinder's movements. The integration of hydraulic cylinders into automated systems allows for precise and repeatable positioning and control, enabling complex sequences of movements to be executed with high accuracy.

7. Advanced Control Algorithms:

- Advancements in control algorithms have also contributed to the precise positioning and control of hydraulic cylinders. These algorithms, such as PID (Proportional-Integral-Derivative) control, adaptive control, and model-based control, enable sophisticated control strategies to be implemented. These algorithms consider factors such as load variations, system dynamics, and environmental conditions to optimize the control of hydraulic cylinders. By employing advanced control algorithms, hydraulic cylinders can compensate for disturbances and achieve precise positioning and control over a wide range of operating conditions.

In summary, hydraulic cylinders overcome the challenges of precise positioning and control through the use of fluid power control, control valves, proportional control, position feedback sensors, servo control systems, integrated automation, and advanced control algorithms. By combining these elements, hydraulic cylinders can achieve accurate and controlled movements, enabling precise positioning and control in various applications. These capabilities are essential for industries that require high precision and repeatability in their operations, such as industrial automation, robotics, and material handling.

hydraulic cylinder

Can you provide real-world examples of machinery that heavily rely on hydraulic cylinders?

Hydraulic cylinders are widely used in various industries and applications due to their ability to provide powerful and precise linear motion. They play a crucial role in enabling the operation of heavy machinery that requires controlled force and movement. Here are some real-world examples of machinery that heavily rely on hydraulic cylinders:

1. Construction Equipment:

- Hydraulic cylinders are extensively used in construction machinery, such as excavators, bulldozers, loaders, and cranes. These machines rely on hydraulic cylinders to perform tasks like lifting heavy loads, extending and retracting booms, tilting buckets, and controlling the movement of various components. Hydraulic cylinders provide the power and precision required to handle the demanding conditions and heavy loads encountered in construction projects.

2. Agricultural Machinery:

- Many agricultural machines, including tractors, combine harvesters, and sprayers, utilize hydraulic cylinders for critical operations. Hydraulic cylinders are used to control the movement of attachments, such as front loaders, backhoes, and plows. They enable functions like lifting and lowering implements, adjusting cutting heights, and controlling the positioning of harvesting equipment. Hydraulic cylinders enhance efficiency and productivity in agricultural operations.

3. Material Handling Equipment:

- Hydraulic cylinders are integral components of material handling equipment, such as forklifts, pallet jacks, and cranes. These machines rely on hydraulic cylinders to lift and lower loads, tilt platforms or forks, and control the movement of lifting mechanisms. Hydraulic cylinders provide the necessary strength and precision to handle heavy loads and ensure safe and efficient material handling operations.

4. Industrial Machinery:

- Various industrial machinery and equipment heavily rely on hydraulic cylinders for critical functions. Examples include hydraulic presses, injection molding machines, metal-forming machines, and hydraulic-powered robots. Hydraulic cylinders enable precise control of force and movement in these applications, allowing for accurate shaping, pressing, and assembly processes.

5. Mining Equipment:

- Hydraulic cylinders are extensively used in mining machinery and equipment. Underground mining machines, such as continuous miners and longwall shearers, utilize hydraulic cylinders for cutting, shearing, and roof support operations. Surface mining equipment, including hydraulic shovels, draglines, and haul trucks, rely on hydraulic cylinders for tasks like bucket movement, boom extension, and vehicle suspension.

6. Automotive Industry:

- The automotive industry extensively utilizes hydraulic cylinders in various applications. Hydraulic cylinders are employed in vehicle suspension systems, power steering systems, convertible tops, and hydraulic brake systems. They enable smooth and controlled movement, precise steering, and efficient braking in automobiles.

7. Aerospace and Aviation:

- Hydraulic cylinders are utilized in aerospace and aviation applications, such as aircraft landing gear systems, wing flaps, and cargo handling equipment. Hydraulic cylinders provide the necessary force and control for extending and retracting landing gear, adjusting wing flaps, and operating cargo doors, ensuring safe and reliable aircraft operations.

8. Marine and Offshore Industry:

- Hydraulic cylinders are essential components in marine and offshore equipment, including ship cranes, winches, and hydraulic-powered anchor systems. They enable lifting, lowering, and positioning of heavy loads, as well as the control of various marine equipment.

These are just a few examples of machinery and industries that heavily rely on hydraulic cylinders. The versatility, power, and precise control offered by hydraulic cylinders make them indispensable in a wide range of applications, where controlled linear motion and force are essential.

hydraulic cylinder

Can hydraulic cylinders be adapted for use in both industrial and mobile equipment?

Yes, hydraulic cylinders can be adapted for use in both industrial and mobile equipment. The versatility and adaptability of hydraulic systems make them suitable for a wide range of applications across various industries. Here's a detailed explanation:

1. Industrial Equipment:

- Hydraulic cylinders are extensively used in industrial equipment such as manufacturing machinery, construction equipment, material handling systems, and heavy-duty machinery. They provide the necessary force and controlled movement for tasks such as lifting, pushing, pulling, and positioning heavy loads. Industrial hydraulic cylinders are typically designed for robustness, durability, and high load-bearing capacities to withstand the demanding environments and heavy-duty applications encountered in industries.

2. Mobile Equipment:

- Hydraulic cylinders are also widely adopted in mobile equipment, including agricultural machinery, mining equipment, forestry machinery, and transportation vehicles. These cylinders enable various functions such as tilting, lifting, steering, and stabilizing. Mobile hydraulic cylinders are designed to be compact, lightweight, and efficient to meet the specific requirements of mobile applications. They are often integrated into hydraulic systems that power multiple functions in a single machine.

3. Adaptability:

- One of the key advantages of hydraulic cylinders is their adaptability. They can be customized and configured to suit different operating conditions, equipment sizes, load capacities, and speed requirements. Hydraulic cylinder manufacturers offer a wide range of sizes, stroke lengths, mounting options, and rod configurations to accommodate diverse applications. This adaptability allows hydraulic cylinders to be utilized in both industrial and mobile equipment, serving various purposes across different sectors.

4. Mounting Options:

- Hydraulic cylinders can be adapted to different mounting arrangements to suit the specific requirements of industrial and mobile equipment. They can be mounted in various orientations, including vertical, horizontal, or at an angle. Different mounting options, such as flange mounts, trunnion mounts, and clevis mounts, provide flexibility in integrating hydraulic cylinders into different equipment designs.

5. Integration with Hydraulic Systems:

- Hydraulic cylinders are often part of a larger hydraulic system that includes components such as pumps, valves, hoses, and reservoirs. These systems can be tailored to meet the specific needs of both industrial and mobile equipment. The hydraulic system's design and configuration can be adapted to provide the necessary flow rates, pressures, and control mechanisms required for optimal performance in the intended application.

6. Control and Automation:

- Hydraulic cylinders in both industrial and mobile equipment can be integrated with control systems and automation technologies. This allows for precise and automated control of the cylinder's movement and function. Proportional control valves, sensors, and electronic controls can be incorporated to achieve accurate positioning, speed control, and synchronization of multiple hydraulic cylinders, enhancing overall equipment performance and productivity.

7. Safety Considerations:

- Hydraulic cylinders for both industrial and mobile equipment are designed with safety in mind. They often feature built-in safety mechanisms such as overload protection, pressure relief valves, and emergency stop systems to prevent accidents and equipment damage. Safety standards and regulations specific to each industry are taken into account during the design and adaptation of hydraulic cylinders for different applications.

Overall, hydraulic cylinders offer the adaptability and performance required for use in both industrial and mobile equipment. Their versatility, customizable features, mounting options, integration capabilities, and safety considerations make them suitable for a wide range of applications across diverse industries. Whether it's heavy-duty industrial machinery or mobile equipment operating in challenging environments, hydraulic cylinders can be adapted to meet the specific needs and requirements of various equipment types.

China manufacturer 50L Medical Use Seamless Steel Oxygen Nitrogen Lar CNG Acetylene Hydrogen 150bar/200bar Gas Cylinder   vacuum pump connector	China manufacturer 50L Medical Use Seamless Steel Oxygen Nitrogen Lar CNG Acetylene Hydrogen 150bar/200bar Gas Cylinder   vacuum pump connector
editor by CX 2023-12-03

China manufacturer Seamless Steel Tube 37mn 30CrMo GB 18248 Hydraulic Cylinder Tube for Gas with Great quality

Product Description

Product information:


Seamless Steel Tube, Hydraulic Cylinder Tube for Gas Cylinder, 37mn 30CrMo, GB 18248,

What is a high pressure cylinder tube?

High pressure gas cylinder tube is a kind of seamless steel tube, commonly known as seamless steel tube for gas cylinders, widely used in all kinds of high pressure vessel tanks, as well as industrial gas cylinders, fire cylinders, vehicle CNG cylinders, vehicle CZPT winding cylinders and other gas cylinders manufacturing.

What are the manufacturing processes of high-pressure gas cylinder tubes?

High pressure gas cylinder tube can be divided into hot rolled and cold drawn. Hot rolled gas cylinder tube is mainly used to manufacture all kinds of pressure vessels, cylinders and other products. Cold drawn gas cylinder seamless steel tube is mainly used to manufacture vehicle-mounted gas cylinders requiring light weight and thin wall thickness and steel liner circular winding vehicle-used CNG cylinders.

What are the production inspection and testing standards for high-pressure gas cylinder tubes?

The domestic standards are GB/T 18248 and GB/T 28884, and the corresponding foreign standards are JIS G 3429, ISO 11120, ASTM 372, etc

What are the main materials of high pressure cylinder tube at home and abroad?

The main materials of gas cylinder tube in China are 37Mn, 34CrMo4, 35CrMo, 30CrMnSiA, 30CrMo, 34Mn2V,

The main foreign standard material of gas cylinder tube is: 38Mn6, 30CrMo4, Group , 4130X, Grade C, Grade E, STH11, STH12, STH21, STH22

Characteristics and advantages of high-pressure gas cylinder tubes manufactured by our company: Raw materials provided by HengGang high-quality special steel and its high purity of steel, cold drawn cylinder tube, the tube body geometry size and the inner and outer surface quality, its wall thickness uniformity and high precision, light quality, productivity and yield is quite high, also facilitate cylinder manufactory convergent, and I produce cylinder pipe diameter can be done in 325 ~ 430, the minimum wall thickness of 3.5 mm, As a conventional specification of gas cylinders, the delivery time is faster.

1. Description: Honing is a kind of machining technology. Through honing head, the inner hole of cold drawn pipe is processed by reciprocating high-speed grinding technology, so that the inner hole can meet the requirements of tolerance size and surface roughness that we need.
Honed tube is a kind of smooth bore steel tube used to manufacture hydraulic cylinder barrels that is the core part of a piece of hydraulic cylinder. 
2. Commodity:  St52.4 Honed Hydraulic Cylinder Precision Pipe
3. Size range: Inside diameter: 25mm -500mm; Wall thickness: 2-50mm
4. Available steel grade: 


38Mn6,30CrMo4,Group ,4130X,Grade C,Grade E,STH11,STH12,STH21,STH22


DIN:  ST52, ST52.3, ST52.4
EN:  E355, C45E, 25CrMo4, 42CrMo4, CK45, S45C, E410, E470
GB:  37Mn,34CrMo4,35CrMo,30CrMnSiA,30CrMo,34Mn2V,

5. Manufacture method: Cold rolled, hydraulic cold drawn, hot rolled+deep hole boring
6. Delivery condition: 

+C +LC +SR +A +N
Cold rolled Cold drawn Stress relieved Annealed Normalized Quenched+Tempered

7. Bore treatment: Honing, skiving&roller burnishing
8. Bore roughness control: Ra0.25um max or Ra0, 35um max for honed tubes, Ra0.25um max for skived&roller burnished tubes. 
9. End finish: Plain ends with square cuts, free of burrs for honed tubes. Little bevelled ends for skived&roller burnished tubes. 
10. Standard export packing: In bundles tied with steel strips. Internal & external oil coating. Plastic caps on both ends. External packing by PVC bags and knit bags. 
11. Customized packing and marking can be provided upon request. 
12. H8 tolerance: 

ID range Tolerance ID range Tolerance
18< d ≤30 +0/+0.033 180< d ≤250 +0/+0.072
30< d ≤50 +0/+0.039 250< d ≤300 +0/+0.081
50< d ≤80 +0/+0.046 300< d ≤315 +0/+0.081
80< d ≤120 +0/+0.054 315< d ≤400 +0/+0.089
120< d ≤180 +0/+0.063 400< d ≤500 +0/+0.097

13. Difference between honed tube and skived & roller burnished tube: In hydraulic cylinder industry, there are 2 solutions for bore treatment: Honing, and skiving&roller burnishing. Honing or skiving&roller burnishing leads to different internal surface image, but both ensure good roughness. 

Product Show:

Transportation and Package:

1.Black varnish painted or oil painted anti-corrosion oil ,2PE, 3PE on the surface

2.Plain,squire cut or bevelled end by caps

3.In hexagon or triangle bundle with steel strips

4.Marking: As per customer's requirment

Trade Terms:FOB/CIF/CFR

 Payment Terms:L/C,T/T, Western Union.

 Loading Port:XinGang ZheJiang , China

 Delivery: Within 15-20days after we receive deposit or L/C at sight

Our Company:

ZheJiang CZPT Steel Co.,Ltd. is located in Shuang Gang industrial zone of Xihu (West Lake) Dis. district ,ZheJiang .we have been engaged in export of steel pipes for about 10 years. Now, We sell 160,000 tons steel pipes per year, including the steel pipes for the high, medium and low pressure boilers, shipping, transporting liquid products, the petroleum cracking process, the fertilizer facilities, the structure ,the hollow sucker rod , oil well casing and drill pipe,galvanized steel pipe and some stainless steel. Our products are very popular in the overseas market.we enjoy the good reputation with high qulity and better service.

Warmly welcome customers home and abroad to visit our company and give us valuable suggestions. We would like to have long
 term cooperation with customers from all over the world on the basis of mutual prosperity and development!

Customers visits  and Exhibition:

Why choose us?
High Quality

We have established quality management system according to ISO9001:2008 and carry out the total quality management.

Competitive Price

We can offer you reasonble price as your requirement.

Fast Delivery

we have large stocks,and can do OEM very fast as your requirements.

Good Service

Timely reply! Perfect packing! Friendly atitude! Do our best to meet your demand!

Various  Products

Carbon seamless steel pipe,Oil Casing ,Drill Steel Pipe,Galvanized Steel Pipe,Carbon weled steel pipe,Stainless Steel productions,...... Also we can do OEM.


Choosing the Right Ball Bearing for Your Application

When choosing a Ball Bearing, there are several things to consider. These factors include: the size, lubricant type, presence of corrosive agents, stray electrical currents, and more. It can be challenging to choose the right type, size, and type of ball bearing for your application. You should also carefully calculate the loads to determine the right size. Here are some tips for choosing the right Ball Bearing for your application.


The single-row ball bearing is 1 of the most popular types of bearings. The inner and outer ring are designed with raceway grooves that are shaped slightly larger than the balls. This type of bearing has a low torque and can handle high-speed applications with minimal power loss. The radial dimensions of single-row ball bearings also vary, so it is possible to find 1 that fits your specific application. Besides the above-mentioned advantages, single-row ball bearings are also available with varying grease levels and are widely applicable to applications where the space is limited.
Single-row ball bearings are also called angular-contact ball bearings. Because of their single-row design, they are not separable and can accommodate a high-speed, heavy-duty application. Single-row angular-contact ball bearings can only handle axial load in 1 direction, and they must be installed in pairs for pure radial loads. Single-row ball bearings are a popular type of rolling bearings and can be used for a wide range of applications.


The self-aligning ball bearing was invented by Sven Wingquist, a plant engineer for a textile company in Sweden. While he was responsible for making production as efficient as possible, he soon realized that the machinery he had in place wasn't working as efficiently as it could. Although ball bearings are great for reducing friction, they were not flexible enough to compensate for misalignments in the machine.
Self-aligning ball bearings have 2 rows of balls and a common sphered raceway. The inner ring is curved and combines the 2 rows of balls into 1 cage. These bearings can tolerate shaft misalignment and compensate for static angular defects. They can be used in simple woodworking machinery, ventilators, and conveying equipment. They are often the preferred choice for applications where shaft alignment is an issue.


A Ceramic ball bearing is a type of high-performance bearing that is available in both full-ceramic and hybrid forms. The main differences between ceramic and steel ball bearings are their construction, lubrication, and mobility. High-quality ceramic ball bearings are durable, and they are ideal for corrosive and high-temperature applications. The material used to create these bearings helps prevent electrolytic corrosion. They are also ideal for reducing the friction and lubrication requirements.
Ceramic balls are harder and less brittle than steel balls, which gives them a higher degree of rigidity. Ceramics also have a higher hardness, with a hardness of Rc75-80 compared to Rc58-64 for steel balls. Their high compressive strength is approximately 5 to 7 times greater than steel. In addition, they have a very low coefficient of friction, which allows them to spin at higher speeds and with less friction. This increases their lifespan and durability, and decreases the energy needed to turn cranks.


Unlike traditional bearings, steel balls have a relatively uniform hardness. Carbon steel, for instance, is 2.1% carbon by weight. According to the American Iron and Steel Institute, copper content must be no more than 0.40% and manganese content should not be more than 1.65 g/cm3. After carbonizing, steel balls undergo a process called sizing, which improves their roundness geometry and hardness.
The main differences between steel ball bearings and ceramic ball bearings can be traced to their different materials. Ceramic balls are made from zirconium dioxide or silicon nitride. Silicon nitride is harder than steel and resists shocks. The result is increased speed and longer service life. Polyoxymethylene acetal (PMMA) bearing balls are known for their stiffness, strength, and tolerance, but are not as common as steel ball bearings.


The most popular types of plastic ball bearings are made of polypropylene or PTFE. These bearings are used in applications requiring higher chemical resistance. Polypropylene is a structural polymer that offers excellent physical and chemical properties, including excellent resistance to organic solvents and degreasing agents. Its lightweight, low moisture absorption rate, and good heat resistance make it an excellent choice for high-temperature applications. However, plastic bearings are not without their drawbacks, especially when operating at very high temperatures or under heavy loads.
Compared to metal bearings, plastic ball-bearings do not require lubrication. They also are highly corrosion-resistant, making them an excellent choice for wash-down applications. They are also post-, autoclave-, and gamma sterilizable. Many conventional steel ball-bearings cannot handle the high temperatures of food processing or swimming pools. In addition to high temperature applications, plastic ball bearings are resistant to chemicals, including chlorine.


Plastic sliding bearings are molded bearings made of engineering plastic. With self-lubricating modification technology, these bearings can be produced by injection molding of plastic beads. They are widely used in various industries such as office equipment, fitness and automotive equipment. In addition to plastic bearings, glass balls are used in a variety of other applications, including medical equipment. Glass ball bearings have excellent corrosion resistance, excellent mechanical properties, and are electrically insulators.
Plastic ball bearings are made of all-plastic races and cages. These bearings are suitable for applications that are exposed to acids and alkalis. Because they are cheaper than glass balls, plastic ball bearings are popular in chemical-exposed environments. Stainless steel balls are also resistant to heat and corrosion. But the main disadvantage of plastic ball bearings is that they are not as strong as glass balls. So, if weight and noise is your main concern, consider using plastic balls instead.


The global miniature ball bearing market is expected to reach US$ 2.39 Billion by 2027, at a CAGR of 7.2%. Growth in the region is attributed to technological advancement and government initiatives. Countries such as India and China are attracting FDIs and emphasizing the establishment of a global manufacturing hub. This is boosting the market for miniature ball bearings. The miniscule ball bearings are manufactured in small quantities and are very small.
Some manufacturers produce miniature ball bearings in different materials and designs. Chrome steel is the most popular material for miniature ball bearings because of its high load capacity, low noise properties, and lower cost. But the cost of stainless steel miniature bearings is low, since the amount of steel used is minimal. Stainless steel miniature bearings are the smallest in size. Therefore, you can choose stainless steel mini ball bearings for high-speed applications.


Angular-contact ball bearings have 3 components: a cage, inner ring, and balls. Angular-contact ball bearings can support high axial and radial loads. Various design and manufacturing attributes make angular-contact ball bearings suitable for a variety of applications. Some features of this bearing type include a special lubricant, different cage materials, and different coatings.
The size of an angular-contact ball bearing is determined by the design units: outer ring width, axial load, and radial load. Depending on the type of application, an angular-contact ball bearing may be manufactured in double-row, triple-row, or quadruple-row configurations. Angular contact ball bearings can be classified according to their design units, which range from metric to imperial. A higher ABEC number means tighter tolerances. To determine the tolerance equivalent of a particular bearing, consult a standard Angular-contact ball bearing table.
Angular-contact ball bearings feature high and low-shoulder configurations. They have two-dimensional races that accommodate axial and radial loads. They are available in self-retaining units with solid inner and outer rings, and ball and cage assemblies. Cages made of cast and wrought brass are the most popular, but lightweight phenolic cages are also available. The latter is a better choice because it doesn't absorb oil and has lower rolling friction.


When it comes to the construction of a ball bearing, high-quality raw materials are a crucial component. These materials not only affect the overall quality of a ball bearing, but also influence the cost. That's why you should pay close attention to raw material quality. In addition to that, raw materials should be tested several times before the manufacturing process to ensure quality. Read on for some information about the different types of materials used to make ball bearings.
Steel is the most common material for ball bearings. Most ball bearings contain stainless steel balls, which are remarkably corrosion-resistant. They are also resistant to saltwater and alkalis. However, stainless steel balls are heavier than plastic ones, and they are also magnetic, which may be a drawback in some applications. If you're looking for a metal-free option, glass balls are the way to go. They're sturdy, lightweight, and resistant to a wide range of chemicals.

China manufacturer Seamless Steel Tube 37mn 30CrMo GB 18248 Hydraulic Cylinder Tube for Gas     with Great qualityChina manufacturer Seamless Steel Tube 37mn 30CrMo GB 18248 Hydraulic Cylinder Tube for Gas     with Great quality

China high quality CZPT Stainless Steel Seamless Double-Ended Single-Ended Hydraulic Gas Sample Cylinder with Great quality

Product Description

Sample Cylinders

* Working pressure up to 5000 psig (344 bar)
* Internal Volume from 40 to 3785 ml
* Single-ended and double-ended


ASTM F1387 Tube Fittings Test Report;
Certificate of ABS;
PED of Valves and Fittings;
ISO 15500 of Valves and Fittings

Screw Shaft Features Explained

When choosing the screw shaft for your application, you should consider the features of the screws: threads, lead, pitch, helix angle, and more. You may be wondering what these features mean and how they affect the screw's performance. This article explains the differences between these factors. The following are the features that affect the performance of screws and their properties. You can use these to make an informed decision and purchase the right screw. You can learn more about these features by reading the following articles.


The major diameter of a screw thread is the larger of the 2 extreme diameters. The major diameter of a screw is also known as the outside diameter. This dimension can't be directly measured, but can be determined by measuring the distance between adjacent sides of the thread. In addition, the mean area of a screw thread is known as the pitch. The diameter of the thread and pitch line are directly proportional to the overall size of the screw.
The threads are classified by the diameter and pitch. The major diameter of a screw shaft has the largest number of threads; the smaller diameter is called the minor diameter. The thread angle, also known as the helix angle, is measured perpendicular to the axis of the screw. The major diameter is the largest part of the screw; the minor diameter is the lower end of the screw. The thread angle is the half distance between the major and minor diameters. The minor diameter is the outer surface of the screw, while the top surface corresponds to the major diameter.
The pitch is measured at the crest of a thread. In other words, a 16-pitch thread has a diameter of 1 sixteenth of the screw shaft's diameter. The actual diameter is 0.03125 inches. Moreover, a large number of manufacturers use this measurement to determine the thread pitch. The pitch diameter is a critical factor in successful mating of male and female threads. So, when determining the pitch diameter, you need to check the thread pitch plate of a screw.


In screw shaft applications, a solid, corrosion-resistant material is an important requirement. Lead screws are a robust choice, which ensure shaft direction accuracy. This material is widely used in lathes and measuring instruments. They have black oxide coatings and are suited for environments where rusting is not acceptable. These screws are also relatively inexpensive. Here are some advantages of lead screws. They are highly durable, cost-effective, and offer high reliability.
A lead screw system may have multiple starts, or threads that run parallel to each other. The lead is the distance the nut travels along the shaft during a single revolution. The smaller the lead, the tighter the thread. The lead can also be expressed as the pitch, which is the distance between adjacent thread crests or troughs. A lead screw has a smaller pitch than a nut, and the smaller the lead, the greater its linear speed.
When choosing lead screws, the critical speed is the maximum number of revolutions per minute. This is determined by the minor diameter of the shaft and its length. The critical speed should never be exceeded or the lead will become distorted or cracked. The recommended operational speed is around 80 percent of the evaluated critical speed. Moreover, the lead screw must be properly aligned to avoid excessive vibrations. In addition, the screw pitch must be within the design tolerance of the shaft.


The pitch of a screw shaft can be viewed as the distance between the crest of a thread and the surface where the threads meet. In mathematics, the pitch is equivalent to the length of 1 wavelength. The pitch of a screw shaft also relates to the diameter of the threads. In the following, the pitch of a screw is explained. It is important to note that the pitch of a screw is not a metric measurement. In the following, we will define the 2 terms and discuss how they relate to 1 another.
A screw's pitch is not the same in all countries. The United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States have standardized screw threads according to the UN system. Therefore, there is a need to specify the pitch of a screw shaft when a screw is being manufactured. The standardization of pitch and diameter has also reduced the cost of screw manufacturing. Nevertheless, screw threads are still expensive. The United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States have introduced a system for the calculation of screw pitch.
The pitch of a lead screw is the same as that of a lead screw. The diameter is 0.25 inches and the circumference is 0.79 inches. When calculating the mechanical advantage of a screw, divide the diameter by its pitch. The larger the pitch, the more threads the screw has, increasing its critical speed and stiffness. The pitch of a screw shaft is also proportional to the number of starts in the shaft.

Helix angle

The helix angle of a screw shaft is the angle formed between the circumference of the cylinder and its helix. Both of these angles must be equal to 90 degrees. The larger the lead angle, the smaller the helix angle. Some reference materials refer to angle B as the helix angle. However, the actual angle is derived from calculating the screw geometry. Read on for more information. Listed below are some of the differences between helix angles and lead angles.
High helix screws have a long lead. This length reduces the number of effective turns of the screw. Because of this, fine pitch screws are usually used for small movements. A typical example is a 16-mm x 5-inch screw. Another example of a fine pitch screw is a 12x2mm screw. It is used for small moves. This type of screw has a lower lead angle than a high-helix screw.
A screw's helix angle refers to the relative angle of the flight of the helix to the plane of the screw axis. While screw helix angles are not often altered from the standard square pitch, they can have an effect on processing. Changing the helix angle is more common in two-stage screws, special mixing screws, and metering screws. When a screw is designed for this function, it should be able to handle the materials it is made of.


The diameter of a screw is its diameter, measured from the head to the shaft. Screw diameters are standardized by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. The diameters of screws range from 3/50 inches to 16 inches, and more recently, fractions of an inch have been added. However, shaft diameters may vary depending on the job, so it is important to know the right size for the job. The size chart below shows the common sizes for screws.
Screws are generally referred to by their gauge, which is the major diameter. Screws with a major diameter less than a quarter of an inch are usually labeled as #0 to #14 and larger screws are labeled as sizes in fractions of an inch. There are also decimal equivalents of each screw size. These measurements will help you choose the correct size for your project. The screws with the smaller diameters were not tested.
In the previous section, we described the different shaft sizes and their specifications. These screw sizes are usually indicated by fractions of an inch, followed by a number of threads per inch. For example, a ten-inch screw has a shaft size of 2'' with a thread pitch of 1/4", and it has a diameter of 2 inches. This screw is welded to a two-inch Sch. 40 pipe. Alternatively, it can be welded to a 9-inch O.A.L. pipe.


Screws come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes, from the size of a quarter to the diameter of a U.S. quarter. Screws' main function is to hold objects together and to translate torque into linear force. The shape of a screw shaft, if it is round, is the primary characteristic used to define its use. The following chart shows how the screw shaft differs from a quarter:
The shape of a screw shaft is determined by 2 features: its major diameter, or distance from the outer edge of the thread on 1 side to the inner smooth surface of the shaft. These are generally 2 to 16 millimeters in diameter. Screw shafts can have either a fully threaded shank or a half-threaded shank, with the latter providing better stability. Regardless of whether the screw shaft is round or domed, it is important to understand the different characteristics of a screw before attempting to install it into a project.
The screw shaft's diameter is also important to its application. The ball circle diameter refers to the distance between the center of 2 opposite balls in contact with the grooves. The root diameter, on the other hand, refers to the distance between the bottommost grooves of the screw shaft. These are the 2 main measurements that define the screw's overall size. Pitch and nominal diameter are important measurements for a screw's performance in a particular application.


In most cases, lubrication of a screw shaft is accomplished with grease. Grease is made up of mineral or synthetic oil, thickening agent, and additives. The thickening agent can be a variety of different substances, including lithium, bentonite, aluminum, and barium complexes. A common classification for lubricating grease is NLGI Grade. While this may not be necessary when specifying the type of grease to use for a particular application, it is a useful qualitative measure.
When selecting a lubricant for a screw shaft, the operating temperature and the speed of the shaft determine the type of oil to use. Too much oil can result in heat buildup, while too little can lead to excessive wear and friction. The proper lubrication of a screw shaft directly affects the temperature rise of a ball screw, and the life of the assembly. To ensure the proper lubrication, follow the guidelines below.
Ideally, a low lubrication level is appropriate for medium-sized feed stuff factories. High lubrication level is appropriate for larger feed stuff factories. However, in low-speed applications, the lubrication level should be sufficiently high to ensure that the screws run freely. This is the only way to reduce friction and ensure the longest life possible. Lubrication of screw shafts is an important consideration for any screw.

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