Tag Archives: double action cylinder

China supplier 2500psi Double Action Hydraulic Cylinder for Press Machine vacuum pump electric

Product Description

  • Product Information

  • Related Products


HangZhou GD Machinery CO.,LTD.


tie rod hydraulic cylinder, welded hydraulic cylinder, telescopic cylinders cylinder, 

 flange type hydraulic cylinder,  hydraulic cylinder with valve function,

hydraulic power unit,  Hydraulic manifold block,  pneumatic fitting,


Tube - Cold Drawn Precision seamless Tubing 
End Caps - Steel, threaded fixed; 
Wear Ring - Nylon Backup Washer 
Rod Seals - Polyurethane U-Cap 
Rod - Chromed, ground & polished piston rod

Mounts - Trunnion with angular Swivels 
Rod Wiper - Polyurethane


Agriculture, Concrete & Asphalt, Cranes, Fire & Rescue,

 Forestry & Logging,Mining & Rock Crushing,Oil & Gas,

Snow & Ice Control,Waste Management and Material Recycling Industry ,

 Engineering Equipment, Special Vehicle


1.High quality with a reasonable price


3.Customized specification are accepted


T/T;L/C, Paypal


HangZhou ,China


According to the specific request


According to the product


metal case;plywood case;carton or as requirement

Delivery time

30days upon receipt of 30% deposit; or upon receipt of relevant L/C;


  • Our Service

1. Sample service: samples will be provided according to customer's instruction.

2. Customized services: a variety of cylinders can be customized according to customer demand.

3. Warranty service: In case of quality problems under 1 year warranty period, free replacement will be made for customer.

  •  Working Process
  • Packing and Shipping

The products are fully protected by metal shelves, wood boxes and plastic fillers.


  • Company Information

HangZhou GD Machinery is specialized to offer high precision all kind of hydraulic valves and hydraulic cylinder.we also have some hydraulic valve from CHINAMFG brand aboard

With a wide range, good quality ,reasonable price,our products are extensively used in the industries of construction machinery,machine tool,plastic machinery,vehicle. mining equipment,metallurgy,shipyard,food machinery,agricultural machinery,and other industries.

Our products are widely recognized and trusted by users and can meet continuously changing economic and social needs. 

Welcome new and old customers to contact us for future business. we will offer you good quality and best price. 

  • Company Show 


  • FAQ

Q: Do you accept OEM manufacturing?

A: Yes! We do accept OEM manufacturing. We will quote you the exact price and make the exact cylinder according to your specification and drawing.


Q: Can we design our own package or print our own logo?

A: Yes! Package and logo will be made acording to your requirements. 


Q: Could we get small quantity samples?

A: Yes! We understand the quality test is important and we are glad to make the sample for you. The MOQ is 1pcs.


Q: How long is the production time?

A: Generally the production time is 30 days. 


Q: What is your payment term?

A: For sample payment, generally 100% T/T payment in advance, west union, paypal.

For order payment, generally is 30% T/T in advance, 70% balance before shipment. If you require the different payment term, let us negotiate it together. 


Application: Construction Machine
Cylinder Material: 20#/45# Steel
Seals: Parker Hallite
US$ 60/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)


Order Sample



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Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.

about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:


Initial Payment

Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

hydraulic cylinder

How do hydraulic cylinders compare to other methods of force generation like electric motors?

Hydraulic cylinders and electric motors are two different methods of force generation with distinct characteristics and applications. While both hydraulic cylinders and electric motors can generate force, they differ in terms of their working principles, performance attributes, and suitability for specific applications. Here's a detailed comparison of hydraulic cylinders and electric motors:

1. Working Principle:

- Hydraulic Cylinders: Hydraulic cylinders generate force through the conversion of fluid pressure into linear motion. They consist of a cylinder barrel, piston, piston rod, and hydraulic fluid. When pressurized hydraulic fluid enters the cylinder, it pushes against the piston, causing the piston rod to extend or retract, thereby generating linear force.

- Electric Motors: Electric motors generate force through the conversion of electrical energy into rotational motion. They consist of a stator, rotor, and electromagnetic field. When an electrical current is applied to the motor's windings, it creates a magnetic field that interacts with the rotor, causing it to rotate and generate torque.

2. Force and Power:

- Hydraulic Cylinders: Hydraulic cylinders are known for their high force capabilities. They can generate substantial linear forces, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications that require lifting, pushing, or pulling large loads. Hydraulic systems can provide high force output even at low speeds, allowing for precise control over force application. However, hydraulic systems typically operate at lower speeds compared to electric motors.

- Electric Motors: Electric motors excel in providing high rotational speeds and are commonly used for applications that require rapid motion. While electric motors can generate significant torque, they tend to have lower force output compared to hydraulic cylinders. Electric motors are suitable for applications that involve continuous rotary motion, such as driving conveyor belts, rotating machinery, or powering vehicles.

3. Control and Precision:

- Hydraulic Cylinders: Hydraulic systems offer excellent control over force, speed, and positioning. By regulating the flow of hydraulic fluid, the force and speed of hydraulic cylinders can be precisely controlled. Hydraulic systems can provide gradual acceleration and deceleration, allowing for smooth and precise movements. This level of control makes hydraulic cylinders well-suited for applications that require precise positioning, such as in industrial automation or construction equipment.

- Electric Motors: Electric motors also offer precise control over speed and positioning. Through motor control techniques such as varying voltage, frequency, or pulse width modulation (PWM), the rotational speed and position of electric motors can be accurately controlled. Electric motors are commonly used in applications that require precise speed control, such as robotics, CNC machines, or servo systems.

4. Efficiency and Energy Consumption:

- Hydraulic Cylinders: Hydraulic systems can be highly efficient, especially when properly sized and designed. However, hydraulic systems typically have higher energy losses due to factors such as fluid leakage, friction, and heat generation. The overall efficiency of a hydraulic system depends on the design, component selection, and maintenance practices. Hydraulic systems require a hydraulic power unit to pressurize the hydraulic fluid, which consumes additional energy.

- Electric Motors: Electric motors can have high efficiency, especially when operated at their optimal operating conditions. Electric motors have lower energy losses compared to hydraulic systems, primarily due to the absence of fluid leakage and lower friction losses. The overall efficiency of an electric motor depends on factors such as motor design, load conditions, and control techniques. Electric motors require an electrical power source, and their energy consumption depends on the motor's power rating and the duration of operation.

5. Environmental Considerations:

- Hydraulic Cylinders: Hydraulic systems typically use hydraulic fluids that can pose environmental concerns if they leak or are not properly disposed of. The choice of hydraulic fluid can impact factors such as biodegradability, toxicity, and potential environmental hazards. Proper maintenance and leak prevention practices are essential to minimize the environmental impact of hydraulic systems.

- Electric Motors: Electric motors are generally considered more environmentally friendly since they do not require hydraulic fluids. However, the environmental impact of electric motors depends on the source of electricity used to power them. When powered by renewable energy sources, such as solar or wind, electric motors can offer a greener solution compared to hydraulic systems.

6. Application Suitability:

- Hydraulic Cylinders: Hydraulic cylinders are commonly used in applications that require high force output, precise control, and durability. They are widely employed in industries such as construction, manufacturing, mining, and aerospace. Hydraulic systems are well-suited for heavy-duty applications, such as lifting heavy objects, operating heavy machinery, or controlling large-scale movements.

- Electric Motors: Electric motors are widely used in various industries and applications that require rotational motion, speed control, and precise positioning. They are commonly found in appliances, transportation, robotics, HVAC systems, and automation. Electric motorsare suitable for applications that involve continuous rotary motion, such as driving conveyor belts, rotating machinery, or powering vehicles.In summary, hydraulic cylinders and electric motors have different working principles, force capabilities, control characteristics, efficiency levels, and application suitability. Hydraulic cylinders excel in providing high force output, precise control, and durability, making them ideal for heavy-duty applications. Electric motors, on the other hand, offer high rotational speeds, precise speed control, and are commonly used for applications that involve continuous rotary motion. The choice between hydraulic cylinders and electric motors depends on the specific requirements of the application, including the type of motion, force output, control precision, and environmental considerations.

hydraulic cylinder

Ensuring Stable Performance of Hydraulic Cylinders Under Fluctuating Loads

Hydraulic cylinders are designed to provide stable performance even under fluctuating loads. They achieve this through various mechanisms and features that allow for efficient load control and compensation. Let's explore how hydraulic cylinders ensure stable performance under fluctuating loads:

  1. Piston Design: The piston inside the hydraulic cylinder plays a crucial role in load control. It is typically equipped with seals and rings that prevent leakage of hydraulic fluid and ensure effective transfer of force. The piston design may incorporate features such as stepped or tandem pistons, which provide enhanced load-bearing capabilities and improved stability by distributing the load across multiple surfaces.
  2. Cylinder Cushioning: Hydraulic cylinders often incorporate cushioning mechanisms to minimize the impact and shock caused by fluctuating loads. Cushioning can be achieved through various methods, such as adjustable cushion screws, hydraulic cushioning valves, or elastomeric cushioning rings. These mechanisms slow down the piston's movement near the end of the stroke, reducing the impact and preventing sudden stops that could lead to instability.
  3. Pressure Compensation: Fluctuating loads can result in pressure variations within the hydraulic system. To ensure stable performance, hydraulic cylinders are equipped with pressure compensation mechanisms. These mechanisms maintain a consistent pressure level in the system, regardless of load changes. Pressure compensation can be achieved through the use of pressure relief valves, compensating pistons, or pressure-compensated flow control valves.
  4. Flow Control: Hydraulic cylinders often incorporate flow control valves to regulate the speed of the cylinder's movement. By controlling the flow rate of hydraulic fluid, the cylinder's motion can be adjusted to match the changing load conditions. Flow control valves allow for smooth and controlled movement, preventing abrupt changes that could lead to instability.
  5. Feedback Systems: To ensure stable performance under fluctuating loads, hydraulic cylinders can be integrated with feedback systems. These systems provide real-time information on the cylinder's position, velocity, and force. By continuously monitoring these parameters, the hydraulic system can make immediate adjustments to maintain stability and compensate for load fluctuations. Feedback systems can include position sensors, pressure sensors, or load sensors, depending on the specific application.
  6. Proper Sizing and Selection: Ensuring stable performance under fluctuating loads starts with proper sizing and selection of hydraulic cylinders. It is crucial to choose cylinders with appropriate bore size, rod diameter, and stroke length to match the anticipated load conditions. Oversized or undersized cylinders can lead to instability and reduced performance. Proper sizing also involves considering factors such as the required force, speed, and duty cycle of the application.

In summary, hydraulic cylinders ensure stable performance under fluctuating loads through features such as piston design, cushioning mechanisms, pressure compensation, flow control, feedback systems, and proper sizing and selection. These mechanisms and considerations allow hydraulic cylinders to provide consistent and controlled movement, even in dynamic load conditions, resulting in reliable and stable performance.

hydraulic cylinder

How do hydraulic cylinders contribute to the efficiency of heavy machinery like excavators?

Hydraulic cylinders play a crucial role in enhancing the efficiency and performance of heavy machinery, such as excavators. These powerful hydraulic actuators enable excavators to perform various tasks efficiently and effectively. Here's a detailed explanation of how hydraulic cylinders contribute to the efficiency of heavy machinery like excavators:

1. Force and Power:

- Hydraulic cylinders provide the necessary force and power required for the excavation process. They convert hydraulic energy from the hydraulic fluid into linear mechanical force, allowing the excavator to exert significant pushing and pulling forces. The force generated by hydraulic cylinders enables the digging arm or boom of the excavator to penetrate and break through tough materials, such as soil, rocks, or concrete, with ease and efficiency.

2. Precise Control:

- Hydraulic cylinders offer precise control over the movement of excavator components. By regulating the flow of hydraulic fluid to the cylinders, operators can control the speed, direction, and positioning of the excavator's arm, boom, bucket, and other attachments. This precise control allows operators to perform delicate operations, such as fine grading or precise material placement, with accuracy and efficiency.

3. Versatility and Adaptability:

- Hydraulic cylinders enable excavators to perform a wide range of tasks by facilitating the quick and easy interchangeability of attachments. Excavators can be equipped with various specialized attachments, including buckets, breakers, grapples, and augers, which can be efficiently connected and disconnected using hydraulic cylinders. This versatility and adaptability enhance the efficiency of excavators by enabling them to tackle different tasks without the need for extensive manual adjustments or downtime.

4. Increased Productivity:

- The power and control provided by hydraulic cylinders significantly increase the productivity of excavators. Excavators equipped with hydraulic cylinders can complete tasks more quickly and efficiently compared to manual or mechanically-driven machinery. The precise control over movements allows for faster cycle times, reduced idle time, and improved overall productivity on the worksite.

5. Enhanced Digging and Lifting Capabilities:

- Hydraulic cylinders enable excavators to perform digging and lifting operations with enhanced capabilities. The force generated by hydraulic cylinders allows excavators to dig deeper and lift heavier loads compared to other types of machinery. This increased digging and lifting capacity contributes to the efficiency of excavators by reducing the number of passes required to complete a task and improving overall productivity.

6. Durability and Reliability:

- Hydraulic cylinders are designed to withstand heavy loads, challenging operating conditions, and frequent use. They are built with robust materials, such as high-strength steel, and undergo stringent quality control measures during manufacturing. The durability and reliability of hydraulic cylinders ensure that excavators can operate efficiently even in demanding environments, minimizing downtime and maximizing productivity.

7. Energy Efficiency:

- Hydraulic systems, including hydraulic cylinders, are known for their energy efficiency. Hydraulic cylinders can deliver high force outputs while consuming relatively low amounts of hydraulic fluid. This energy efficiency translates to lower fuel consumption and reduced operating costs for excavators. The efficient use of hydraulic power contributes to the overall efficiency and sustainability of heavy machinery operations.

8. Safety:

- Hydraulic cylinders play a vital role in ensuring the safety of excavator operations. They provide controlled and predictable movements, reducing the risk of sudden or uncontrolled motions. The precise control offered by hydraulic cylinders allows operators to perform tasks safely and accurately, minimizing the chances of accidents or damage to the machinery or surrounding environment.

Overall, hydraulic cylinders are essential components that significantly contribute to the efficiency of heavy machinery like excavators. By providing force, precise control, versatility, increased productivity, enhanced capabilities, durability, energy efficiency, and safety, hydraulic cylinders enable excavators to perform a wide range of tasks efficiently and effectively in various industries, including construction, mining, and landscaping.

China supplier 2500psi Double Action Hydraulic Cylinder for Press Machine   vacuum pump electricChina supplier 2500psi Double Action Hydraulic Cylinder for Press Machine   vacuum pump electric
editor by CX 2023-12-01

China Professional Airfit Ningbo TN 10mm 32mm M5 Twin-Rod Pneumatic Double Action Hydraulic Cylinder near me manufacturer

Product Description


Product Description

Detailed Photos


Our Advantages


Q1. Are you a manufacturer or a trading company?

A1. We are a leading manufacturer of all pneumatic products. Welcome to visit our factory at any time.


Q2. What's the payment term?

A2. T/T,

Q3. How about the delivery time ?

A3. 7 days for normal models. For big orders, it takes about 25-30days.


Q4. What is the standard of package?

A4. Export standard package or special package according to customers' requirement. Q5. What kind of product quality does your factory offer?

A5. We offer top quality to our clients.


Q6. Do you accept OEM business?
A6. We do OEM .


Q7. What market do you already sell to?

A7. We already ship to Asia, Europe, North America, South America, Africa, Oceania.


Q8. What kind of certificate do you have ?
A8. We have ISO9001, TUV etc.

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline's teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor's lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component's behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

China Professional Airfit Ningbo TN 10mm 32mm M5 Twin-Rod Pneumatic Double Action Hydraulic Cylinder     near me manufacturer China Professional Airfit Ningbo TN 10mm 32mm M5 Twin-Rod Pneumatic Double Action Hydraulic Cylinder     near me manufacturer

China OEM High Precision Double Action Hydraulic Cylinder for Boom Cylinder wholesaler

Product Description

Product Description

Quick details

Gland ----High grade ductile iron

Tube  -----Cold drawn honed tubling

Piston-----High grade ductile iron

Piston rod----Chromed C45

Piston seal----Urethane seal

End cap----Casting seel

Mounting style----Pins and clips included

Gland seals----Polyurethane U-cup

Rod wiper----Urethane snap in

Paint color----Semi-gloss black, grey, red

1.Light-weight,high strength

   Base on the nature of construction work,the hydraulic cylinders need to suit for high strength,high

   using frequency,high fatigability.to promise the sability and reliablity of application.

2.the seal system

   select the excellent seal kits from japan and germany.adopt the advanced physical design,make

   sure the hydraulic cylinder get the best piston rod oil film

3.cylinder body

   adopt the good-quality alloy honed tube,though cold-drawing and rolling,to reach an excellent

   toughness and surface hardness.improve the wear-resistance.

4.piston rod

   middle frequency induction hardening and tempering,chrome plated on rod surface to improve the

   anti-rust ,wear-resistance and anti-scratch property.

5.safety/cushioning fuction

   The inside of cylinder set up an cushioning device in the end of stroke,it can absorb the juge inpact.

Technical Specification size.

cylinder diameter (mm)

piston rod diameter (mm)

max stroke (mm)












































































 Cylinder tube machining


Application boom cylider, stick cylinder, Dozer cylinder.

Excavator Type Name Stroke  (mm) Installation Diameter(mm) Cylinder Diameter(mm) Rod Diameter(mm)
5.5T Boom Cylinder 710 1120 115 65
Stick Cylinder 815 1210 90 55
Bucket Cylinder 605 945 85 55
Dozer Cylinder 150 500 110 60
6.5T Boom Cylinder 885 1311 110 65
Stick Cylinder 900 1300 90 60
Bucket Cylinder 730 1120 80 50
Dozer Cylinder 145 565 130 70
11.5T Left Boom Cylinder 980 1480 100 70
Right Boom Cylinder 980 1480 100 70
Stick Cylinder 1571 1530 115 80
Bucket Cylinder 885 1375 95 65
18.5T Left Boom Cylinder 1195 1790 120 85
Right Boom Cylinder 1195 1790 120 85
Stick Cylinder 1405 2000 130 95
Bucket Cylinder 1110 1630 110 80
20T Boom Cylinder 1285 1870 120 85
Stick Cylinder 1490 2075 135 95
Bucket Cylinder 1120 1680 115 80
23T Boom Cylinder Assembly 1295 1870 130 90
Stick Cylinder Assembly 1675 2225 140 100
Bucket Cylinder Assembly 1156 1744 130 90
26T Boom Cylinder Assembly 1420 1980 139 100
Stick Cylinder Assembly 1748 2348 149 110
Bucket Cylinder Assembly 1130 1753 134 100
40T Boom Cylinder Assembly 1495 2135 160 110
Stick Cylinder Assembly 1790 2480 170 110
Bucket Cylinder Assembly 1285 1990 160 110

Q: Are you trading company or manufacturer ?

A: We are factory.

Q: How long is your delivery time?

A: Generally it is 5-10 days if the goods are in stock. or it is 15-20 days if the goods are not in stock, it is according to quantity.

Q: Do you provide samples ? is it free or extra ?

A: Yes, we could offer the sample for free charge but do not pay the cost of freight.

Q: What is your terms of payment ?

A: Payment 30%TT in advance. 70% T/T before shippment

How to Determine the Quality of a Worm Shaft

There are many advantages of a worm shaft. It is easier to manufacture, as it does not require manual straightening. Among these benefits are ease of maintenance, reduced cost, and ease of installation. In addition, this type of shaft is much less prone to damage due to manual straightening. This article will discuss the different factors that determine the quality of a worm shaft. It also discusses the Dedendum, Root diameter, and Wear load capacity.
worm shaft

Root diameter

There are various options when choosing worm gearing. The selection depends on the transmission used and production possibilities. The basic profile parameters of worm gearing are described in the professional and firm literature and are used in geometry calculations. The selected variant is then transferred to the main calculation. However, you must take into account the strength parameters and the gear ratios for the calculation to be accurate. Here are some tips to choose the right worm gearing.
The root diameter of a worm gear is measured from the center of its pitch. Its pitch diameter is a standardized value that is determined from its pressure angle at the point of zero gearing correction. The worm gear pitch diameter is calculated by adding the worm's dimension to the nominal center distance. When defining the worm gear pitch, you have to keep in mind that the root diameter of the worm shaft must be smaller than the pitch diameter.
Worm gearing requires teeth to evenly distribute the wear. For this, the tooth side of the worm must be convex in the normal and centre-line sections. The shape of the teeth, referred to as the evolvent profile, resembles a helical gear. Usually, the root diameter of a worm gear is more than a quarter inch. However, a half-inch difference is acceptable.
Another way to calculate the gearing efficiency of a worm shaft is by looking at the worm's sacrificial wheel. A sacrificial wheel is softer than the worm, so most wear and tear will occur on the wheel. Oil analysis reports of worm gearing units almost always show a high copper and iron ratio, suggesting that the worm's gearing is ineffective.


The dedendum of a worm shaft refers to the radial length of its tooth. The pitch diameter and the minor diameter determine the dedendum. In an imperial system, the pitch diameter is referred to as the diametral pitch. Other parameters include the face width and fillet radius. Face width describes the width of the gear wheel without hub projections. Fillet radius measures the radius on the tip of the cutter and forms a trochoidal curve.
The diameter of a hub is measured at its outer diameter, and its projection is the distance the hub extends beyond the gear face. There are 2 types of addendum teeth, 1 with short-addendum teeth and the other with long-addendum teeth. The gears themselves have a keyway (a groove machined into the shaft and bore). A key is fitted into the keyway, which fits into the shaft.
Worm gears transmit motion from 2 shafts that are not parallel, and have a line-toothed design. The pitch circle has 2 or more arcs, and the worm and sprocket are supported by anti-friction roller bearings. Worm gears have high friction and wear on the tooth teeth and restraining surfaces. If you'd like to know more about worm gears, take a look at the definitions below.
worm shaft

CZPT's whirling process

Whirling process is a modern manufacturing method that is replacing thread milling and hobbing processes. It has been able to reduce manufacturing costs and lead times while producing precision gear worms. In addition, it has reduced the need for thread grinding and surface roughness. It also reduces thread rolling. Here's more on how CZPT whirling process works.
The whirling process on the worm shaft can be used for producing a variety of screw types and worms. They can produce screw shafts with outer diameters of up to 2.5 inches. Unlike other whirling processes, the worm shaft is sacrificial, and the process does not require machining. A vortex tube is used to deliver chilled compressed air to the cutting point. If needed, oil is also added to the mix.
Another method for hardening a worm shaft is called induction hardening. The process is a high-frequency electrical process that induces eddy currents in metallic objects. The higher the frequency, the more surface heat it generates. With induction heating, you can program the heating process to harden only specific areas of the worm shaft. The length of the worm shaft is usually shortened.
Worm gears offer numerous advantages over standard gear sets. If used correctly, they are reliable and highly efficient. By following proper setup guidelines and lubrication guidelines, worm gears can deliver the same reliable service as any other type of gear set. The article by Ray Thibault, a mechanical engineer at the University of Virginia, is an excellent guide to lubrication on worm gears.

Wear load capacity

The wear load capacity of a worm shaft is a key parameter when determining the efficiency of a gearbox. Worms can be made with different gear ratios, and the design of the worm shaft should reflect this. To determine the wear load capacity of a worm, you can check its geometry. Worms are usually made with teeth ranging from 1 to 4 and up to twelve. Choosing the right number of teeth depends on several factors, including the optimisation requirements, such as efficiency, weight, and centre-line distance.
Worm gear tooth forces increase with increased power density, causing the worm shaft to deflect more. This reduces its wear load capacity, lowers efficiency, and increases NVH behavior. Advances in lubricants and bronze materials, combined with better manufacturing quality, have enabled the continuous increase in power density. Those 3 factors combined will determine the wear load capacity of your worm gear. It is critical to consider all 3 factors before choosing the right gear tooth profile.
The minimum number of gear teeth in a gear depends on the pressure angle at zero gearing correction. The worm diameter d1 is arbitrary and depends on a known module value, mx or mn. Worms and gears with different ratios can be interchanged. An involute helicoid ensures proper contact and shape, and provides higher accuracy and life. The involute helicoid worm is also a key component of a gear.
Worm gears are a form of ancient gear. A cylindrical worm engages with a toothed wheel to reduce rotational speed. Worm gears are also used as prime movers. If you're looking for a gearbox, it may be a good option. If you're considering a worm gear, be sure to check its load capacity and lubrication requirements.
worm shaft

NVH behavior

The NVH behavior of a worm shaft is determined using the finite element method. The simulation parameters are defined using the finite element method and experimental worm shafts are compared to the simulation results. The results show that a large deviation exists between the simulated and experimental values. In addition, the bending stiffness of the worm shaft is highly dependent on the geometry of the worm gear toothings. Hence, an adequate design for a worm gear toothing can help reduce the NVH (noise-vibration) behavior of the worm shaft.
To calculate the worm shaft's NVH behavior, the main axes of moment of inertia are the diameter of the worm and the number of threads. This will influence the angle between the worm teeth and the effective distance of each tooth. The distance between the main axes of the worm shaft and the worm gear is the analytical equivalent bending diameter. The diameter of the worm gear is referred to as its effective diameter.
The increased power density of a worm gear results in increased forces acting on the corresponding worm gear tooth. This leads to a corresponding increase in deflection of the worm gear, which negatively affects its efficiency and wear load capacity. In addition, the increasing power density requires improved manufacturing quality. The continuous advancement in bronze materials and lubricants has also facilitated the continued increase in power density.
The toothing of the worm gears determines the worm shaft deflection. The bending stiffness of the worm gear toothing is also calculated by using a tooth-dependent bending stiffness. The deflection is then converted into a stiffness value by using the stiffness of the individual sections of the worm shaft. As shown in figure 5, a transverse section of a two-threaded worm is shown in the figure.

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China best Customized Hydraulic Cylinder Single Double Action High and Low Pressure Performance High Power near me supplier

Product Description


Product Description

Hydraulic Cylinder discription

We design and produce all kinds of hydraulic cylinders, single action Hydraulic Cylinder, double action Hydraulic Cylinder, can be widely used in the car, logistics, warehousing, and so on.


Before purchase, pls contact me , we can discuss the cylinder details .


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Product Parameters

 Hydraulic Cylinder Technical Parameter

1.Double-Acting/ Single-acting

2.Superior Quality Chrome Plated & Polished Rod

3.Honed & Finished Steel Tube

4.Top SAE Ports Standard
5.Top Quality Seals
6.1 Year Warranty
7.Standard Color is BLACK.

8.Color: According to your requirements

Designed For



3~5stage cylinder

Max inner tube 


Mounting distance

325mm/345mm/425mm or as cutstomers'requirements

Working Pressure




Tipping Weight


Seal Type

Parker,NOK, BUSAK SHAMBAN or as customer's requirement

Piston Rod

Chrome or nickel plated,ground & polished piston rod


High tensile cold drawn tube, precision honed for extended seal life


hydraulic cylinder Chrome Plated Shaft






ISO f7

Chrome Thickness


Hardness of The Chrome Layer





Company Profile


Our Advantages

We have been engaged in the manufacturing of various hydraulic power unit professionally more than 10 years with hundreds of oil circuits, which can meet the needs of different requests.



After Sales Service

l  We provide the replacement parts for free due to quality problems under proper operation within warranty period                                    

l  After warranty period, we will charge the replacement parts at cost price.                  

l  Consultant services for whole machine life, and 24 hours technical support by email; 

The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.


Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An "involute spline" spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
A spline shaft's radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.


There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you're using them on a daily basis, you'll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.

Manufacturing methods

There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.


The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you're unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they're used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you'll be pleased with the end result!
There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you're looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

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Product Description

small piston double acting hydraulic lift ram cylinder


Product Description


Eaton, parker, hercules, prince, cross type double acting hydraulic cylinder are used for Trailer, Agricultural Machinery, Garbage Truck, Landing Platform etc.


1.Piston rod electroplate hard chrome;
2.lighter and easier to maintenance double acting hydraulic cylinder;
3.High quality alloy seamless steel pipe have better mechanical properties;
4.The world famous brands of seals, such as Parker, Merkel, Hallite, Kaden, etc;
5.World-class processing technology ensures stable and reliable quality.


NO ITEM double acting hydraulic cylinder DATA
1 Material Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, 27SiMn,45#,20#,etc
2 Honed tube 40-300mm, Heat treatment, honing, rolling
3 Honed tube 30-280mm, plated nickel or hard Chrome or ceramic
4 Seal kit Parker, Merkel, Hallite, Kaden, etc
5 Coating Sandblasting, primer paint, middle paint, finish paint,
Color can paint according to customer demands.
6 Technology double acting hydraulic cylinder
7 Mounting type Pin-eye , flange, trunnion mount,ball mount, screw thread.
8 Working medium Hydraulic Oil
9 Working pressure 16-20Mpa hydraulic lift cylinder
10 Temperature range -50°C to +100°C

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Company Profile

Tsingshi hydraulic is a hydraulic telescopic cylinder for dump tipper truck company which takes up with hydraulic design, R&D, manufacturer, sell and service hydraulic products-small piston double acting hydraulic lift ram oil cylinder.

-double acting hydraulic cylinder Certification ISO9001 TS16949, etc;
-mini double acting hydraulic cylinder Export to North America, South America, Australia, South Korea, Southeast Asia, South Africa, Europe, Middle East, etc;
-ODM&OEM small double acting hydraulic cylinder according to client's requirements;
-Professional manufacturer& supplier of Hydraulic Cylinders over 30 years;
-The micro double acting hydraulic cylinder can be used for Dump Truck, Tipper Truck, Trailer, Agricultural Machinery, Garbage Truck,Landing Platform etc; We can produce the follow brand hydraulic cylinder. HYVA, BINOTTO, EDBRO, PENTA, MAILHOT, CUSTOM HOIST, MUNCIE, METARIS, HYDRAULEX GLOBAL, HYCO, PARKER, COMMERCIAL HYDRAULICS, MEILLER. WTJX, XT, JX, HCIC, ZX, SZ, SJ.






HIGH QUALITITY GUARANTEE-double acting hydraulic cylinder
-7*24 service.
-Competitive price.
-Professional technical team.
-Perfect after-sales service system.
-ODM&OEM Hydraulic Cylinder according to customer needs.
-Strong Hydraulic Cylinder production capacity to ensure fast delivery.
-Guarantee Quality. Every process must be inspected, all products need be tested before leaving the factory.

<hydraulic cylinder Leak Test

<piston hydraulic cylinder Buffer Test

<hydraulic lift cylinder Reliability Test

<hydraulic ram cylinder Full Stroke Test

<hydraulic cylinder double acting Operation Test

<micro double acting hydraulic cylinder Pressure Tight Test

<small double acting hydraulic cylinder Load Efficiency Test
<double action hydraulic cylinder Start-up Pressure Test
<double acting hydraulic cylinder Testing the Effect of Limit










Ball Screws - Dimensions, Applications, and Benefits

Ball screws are popular, lightweight, precision mechanical components. They are commonly used in machinery, gears, and knurled objects. These screw-like parts can be easily maintained and lubricated using oil. This article discusses their dimensions, applications, and benefits. The following sections provide additional information to help you select the right ball screw for your needs. We'll discuss some of the important characteristics of ball screws and what makes them so useful.


A key problem with nut-to-ball screw backlash is the ability of the nut to move freely on the threads of the ball screw. To solve this problem, a patented solution was developed. The patent, 4,557,156, describes an innovative method for preloading ball screws and nuts. By applying a preloading nut, the threads of the ball screw are prevented from moving back and forth with the nut.
A mechanical design that involves axial play involves a lot of mass, inertia, and complexity. These characteristics lead to wear and rust problems. Preloading ball screws using a dynamic system reduces mechanical complexity by allowing preload to be adjusted while the mechanism is running. This also reduces the number of mechanical parts and simplifies manufacturing. Thus, the preloading method of the present invention is advantageous.
The servo motors used in the system monitor the output torque and adjust the power to 1 motor in a dynamic way, thus creating a torque differential between the balls. This torque differential in turn creates a preload force between the ball nuts. The servo motors' output torque is controlled in this manner, and the machine's backlash clearance can be precisely controlled. Hence, the machine can perform multiple tasks with increased precision.
Several prior art methods for preloading ball screws are described in detail in FIG. 3. The helical thread grooves of the ball screw 26 and the nut 24 define a pathway for roller balls to travel along. The stylized broken line indicates the general position of the axis of the ball roller screw 26. The corresponding ball screws are used in a number of applications. This technique may be used to manufacture custom-sized screws.


Ball screws are mechanical elements that roll balls through a groove. Improper lubrication can reduce the life of these screw elements. Improper lubrication can lead to shaft damage, malfunction, and decreased performance. This article discusses the importance of proper lubrication and how to do it. You can learn how to properly lubricate ball screws in the following paragraphs. Here are some tips to ensure long-term performance and safety of ball screws.
The first thing you should do is determine the type of lubricant you'll be using. Oils are preferred because they tend to remain inside the ball nut, and grease can build up in it. Oils also tend to have better anti-corrosion properties than grease. However, grease is more likely to be clogged with debris than oils. So, before you choose the lubricant that's right for your screw, make sure you wash it off.
The oil used in ball screw lubrication must be applied at a controlled rate. It can prevent metal-on-metal contact and clean out contaminants as it passes through the ball nut. However, oil as a lubricant is expensive and can contaminate the process if it mixes with the cutting fluid. Grease, on the other hand, is inexpensive, requires fewer applications, and does not contaminate process fluids.
If you use a synthetic oil for lubrication, make sure to choose a viscosity that is appropriate for the operating temperature. Oil viscosity can increase the temperature of the ball screw assembly, and excessive oil can reduce its life. A correct amount of oil will reduce the temperature of the ball screw assembly, while too little will increase friction and wear. Use the following guidelines to determine the right amount of oil for your screw.


Dimensions of ball screws are a very important aspect to consider when determining the best type for your application. Technical acceptance conditions for ball screws specify the allowed deviations during acceptance tests. The tolerance class can also change, depending on the needs of a specific application. The following table lists the most important tolerance values for the full range of screw lengths. This table is a helpful guide when looking for a specific screw. The table below lists the dimensions of common ball screws.
The axial load applied to a ball screw is 0.5 x Fpr / 2Fpr. The minimum screw diameter is known as the root diameter. The axial load causes the screw shaft to deform in a certain way (DL1 and DL2). The elastic deflection induced by the load on a ball screw is called its rigidity. This rigidity is important for calculating sizing parameters for a ball screw.
The preload value of the ball screw affects the dynamic load capacity. A preload of 10 percent is considered adequate, while a value greater than this may compromise the screw's durability. In general, a high preload value will result in a lower dynamic load capacity and greater wear. However, the preload value must be calculated with the relevant screw parameters. This is because a high preload value reduces the screw's durability.
To ensure that your screw meets the specified parameters, the dynamic load capacity must be calculated. This is the amount of force a ball screw will withstand under a specified load. This calculation also includes strength checks. If you are using a ball screw for applications that need extra strength, it may require a safety factor. For example, if the screw is used for double-axial mounting, then the outer ball nut must be inserted into the nut, causing a secondary load.


The present invention provides a simple, yet highly effective way to mount a ball screw. Its absence of insert slots or through holes makes it simpler to assemble and provides a more uniform nut. The lack of mechanical features also reduces heat treatment issues, and the nut's hardness can be uniformly hardened. As a result, the screw's overall performance is improved. Here are some examples of applications for ball screws.
Preloading is the process of applying force to a ball screw. This increases the rigidity of the screw assembly and eliminates backlash, which is lost motion caused by clearance between the nut and ball. Backlash disrupts repeatability and accuracy. Spacer preloading involves inserting force between 2 ball nuts and transmitting it through the grooves. This method is ideal when preloading is needed in large quantities. In addition to increasing rigidity, preloading can improve accuracy.
Ball screws require careful care in their working surfaces to prevent contamination. Rubber or leather bellows can be used to protect their surfaces, while positive air pressure can be applied to the screw. Preloading eliminates backlash, a common problem among screw assemblies. In addition to the numerous applications for ball screws, they are also critical to computer-controlled motion-control systems and wire bonding. And there are many more examples. So what are the benefits of using these devices?
The spring preloading system uses a spring in between 2 ball nuts, applying tensional forces to the ball nuts. This spring creates grooves in the nut's middle, which facilitates recirculation of the balls. The spring preloading mechanism is more compact than the double nut mechanism, but the lengthening of the lead reduces the ball screw's load capacity. Its compact design makes it ideal for small clearance assemblies.


In addition to performing maintenance tasks yourself, the manufacturer of ball screws should offer reverse engineering services that will enable them to identify specific problems. The process of reverse engineering allows ball screw manufacturers to develop new ball screws and parts. In the event that a ball screw is beyond repair, a manufacturer can often save a significant amount of money by repairing it instead of replacing it. In addition to repairing a ball screw, the manufacturer should also offer free evaluation services for the component. Reconditioning and replacement involve the use of new parts, while reloading and replacement replace the screw.
Performing routine maintenance checks on ball screw assemblies is essential for maintaining optimal performance and extending their service life. Overtime, excessive wear can lead to a variety of problems, including backlash, vibration, and ball bearing noise. In addition, the increased friction increases the required torque for turning a screw, causing system failure and significant downtime. To ensure that a ball screw is fully functional, it must be checked for wear and maintain the proper lubrication system.
Discoloration or pitting on a ball screw indicates that it is in need of repair. The same is true if there are chatter marks in the ball groove. Oftentimes, a ball screw needs a new lubrication seal or wipers. Additionally, it may be missing or over-wearing, which could result in permanent failure. Finally, excessive power draw could be a sign of improper lubrication or improper installation.
Proper maintenance is essential for any machine tool. When performed properly, machine tools can last decades with continuous use. Proper care and maintenance is essential to ensure long life and optimal performance. In addition to improving machine tool uptime, proper maintenance affects the accuracy and repeatability of the end product. Therefore, premium machine tool manufacturers focus on the performance and durability of ball screws. They develop innovative designs and lubricants to optimize the lifespan of their products.

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